The German Perspective
Commissioned 6 January 1936
A plebiscite was held
in the territory on 13 January 1935. With Adolf
Hitler anxious for the propaganda advantages of the return of the Saar to
Goebbels designed a concerted campaign to sway voters. The support of the
local Catholic authorities for a return also helped, as did concerns about Bolshevism,
against which Adolf
Hitler was seen as a bulwark. With a voter participation of 98%, the result
of the plebiscite was that the overwhelming majority, 90.8%, voted to return to
Germany, with only 8.8% wanting to retain the status quo, principally as they
did not wish to be ruled by National Socialists. A third option of joining France
received 0.4% of the vote.
Hipper Heavy cruiser
Launched 6 February 1937
Hitler met with Konstantin
von Neurath and his Ambassador Joachim
von Ribbentrop on 12 February 1936 to ask their opinion of the likely foreign
response to remilitarisation Konstantin
von Neurath endorsed remilitarisation, but contended that Germany should negotiate
more before doing so while Joachim
von Ribbentrop argued for unilateral remilitarisation at once. Joachim
von Ribbentrop told Adolf
Hitler that if France went to war in reaction to German remilitarisation,
then United Kingdom would take arms with France, an assessment of the situation
von Neurath did not agree with, but one that encouraged Adolf
Hitler to go ahead with remilitarisation.
Commissioned 12 February 1944
Takes command of the Battleship Tirpitz
on 25 February 1941 to 24 February 1943
Commissioned 20 March 1943
On 31 March 1937, Bombers of
the Luftwaffe Condor Legion in Spain, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel
von Richthofen, bombed the mountain strongholds of the Republicans, not easily
reached by artillery, and battered the key village of Ochandiano before it was
quickly taken by the Army of Navarre. In the same region, the Spanish Nationalist
forces, commanded by General Emilio Mola y Vidal, began an offensive against Basque
forces in Vizcaya with the intention of capturing the Basque stronghold of Bilbao.
On 10 April 1938, At the Reichstag elections were held in Germany including
recently annexed Austria on 10 April 1938. They were the final elections to the
Reichstag during National Socialists rule and took the form of a single-question
referendum asking whether voters approved of a single National Socialists Party
list for the 813 member Reichstag as well as the recent annexation of Austria
the Anschluss. Turnout in the election was officially 99.5% with 98.9% voting
yes. In the case of Austria, Adolf
Hitler's native soil, 99.71% of an electorate of 4,484,475 officially went
to the ballots, with a positive tally of 99.73%.
Arcona Troop ship
Sunk 3 May 1945
On 6 May 1939, Carl Friedrich
Goerdeler tells the British government that the German and Russian governments
are secretly beginning a reconciliation with the aim of carving up Eastern Europe
between them. Carl Friedrich Goerdeler also informs the British of German economic
problems which he states threaten the survival of the national socialist regime,
and advises that if a firm stand is made for Poland, then Adolf
Hitler will be deterred from war.
The Second Armistice at Compiègne
was signed at 6 50 PM on 22 June 1940 near Compiègne. Adolf
Hitler deliberately chose Compiègne Forest as the site to sign the
armistice due to its symbolic role as the site of the 1918 Armistice with Germany
that signalled the end of World War I with a German defeat.
On 5 July
1941, Russian Front, Fighting reported that Murmansk, Kandalaksha and on Karelian
Isthmus. Berlin claimed advance despite stubborn resistance. Soviet forces repulsed
repeated attempts to cross rivers Beresina and Drut. The Wehrmacht claimed that
forces east of Minsk had reached river Dnieper. In Ukraine Russians admitted that
enemy tank thrust was developing in direction of` Novgorod-Volinsk. In Bessarabia
the Wehrmacht crossed the river Pruth at several points, but further advance was
held. Hungarians claimed capture of Stanislawowp, and Kolomea.
August 1942, South Pacific (SOPAC). First Marine Division invades Guadalcanal.
Eleventh Air Force. 3 United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B-24 Liberator heavy
bombers dispatched to bomb Kiska return with their bombs due to solid overcast.
4 more B-24 Liberator heavy bombers also depart for Kiska. 1 turns back with mechanical
trouble, the others abort mission over target due to undercast. 1 B-24 Liberator
heavy bombers, 4 P-38 Lightning fighters and an LB-30 bomber fly 2 air coverage
missions at Nazan Bay for Navy tenders.
Takes command of the Battleship Gneisenau
on 20 August 1940 to 11 April 1942
On 3 September 1943, Twelfth Air
Force. United States Army Air Force (USAAF) P-40 fighters on sweep over Sardinia
hit Pula and Capo Carbonara radar installations. A-20 Havoc light bombers, A-36
Apache dive bomber fighters (and The British Royal Air Force (RAF) light bombers)
hit gun positions throughout toe of Italy, attack airfields at Crotone and Camigliatello,
and hit railway yards at Marina di Catanzaro and Punta di Staletti, troop concentration
near Santo Stefano d'Aspromonte and road junctions and bridges at Cosenza. British
Eighth Army lands on toe of Italy between Reggio di Calabria and Villa San Giovanni
(Operation BAYTOWN). Italian government signs surrender terms.
1944, Operation Market Garden, United Kingdom-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics-Italy-United
Kingdom shuttle mission is completed as 72 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers
and 59 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers fly without bombs from Italy to United Kingdom.
2 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and a P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers abort
and a P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers crash lands South West of Paris. 70 B-17 Flying
Fortress heavy bombers and 57 P-51 Mustang fighter-bombers land safely in United
Kingdom. Over 800 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers escorted by 3 fighters groups
bomb 117 flak batteries and installations and an airfield, all in the Netherlands.
16 fighters groups escort aeroplanes of First Allied Airborne Army making parachute
and glider drop of 20,000 troops into the Netherlands to secure axis of advance
toward Zuider Zee for British Second Army, as part of MARKET-GARDEN, 17-30
September 1944. Troops dropped are I Airborne Corps, consisting of British 1st
Airborne Division (with Polish Parachute Brigade) and United States 82d and 101st
Airborne Division. The fighters groups also bomb and strafe flak positions and
other ground targets, encountering intense flak and about 30 fighters. 16 United
States fighters are lost. Claims include 8 aeroplanes and 107 flak positions destroyed.
On 14th October U-47
commanded by Günther
Prien attacks a strongly defended naval base of Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands
and sinks the British battleship HMS Royal Oak.
Commissioned 2 November1935
HSK 4 Auxiliary cruiser
Destroyed 30 November 1942
For a complete
list of sources
News articles from around the world WWII News
War Two Timeline, detailing every event, day by day from 1935 through to 1945.
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