Poland was invaded by Germany, Slovakia and the main body of the Reich in the
no declaration of war had been made.
At 4:45 am without
any formal declaration of war, the German army crosses the Polish frontier, operation
Fall Wiess has begun. The Wehrmacht cross the frontier at several points, with
53 divisions, under the command of General Walther
, divided into two Heeresgruppen, Heeesgruppe Nord commanded
by General Fedor
, and Heeesgruppe Sud commanded by General Karl
Rudolf von Rundstedt
. The individual armies are commanded by General's Günther
, 4th Army Georg
, 3rd Army Wilhelm
, 14. Armee Walter
, 10th Army and Johannes
, 8th Army and the armoured formations are commanded by general
, XIX Corps Erich
, XVI Corps and Paul
, XXII Corps The Polish defences are very quickly overwhelmed and
the German Panzers penetrate deep into Polish territory. Simultaneously the Luftwaffe
have two Luftflottes in service Luftflotte 1 commanded by Albert
, and Luftflotte 4 command by Alexander
, bomb several major Polish cities, including Warsaw, Lodz and Krakow.
In the port of Danzig the Pre-dreadnought Schleswig
opens fire on the defences of Westerplatte where the Polish navies.
Arsenal is located.
Britain and France delivered final warnings to Adolf
to withdraw from Poland.
General mobilisation proclaimed in
Britain and France.
Statements on the German invasion of Poland were
made in both houses of parliament.
In the Commons war credits totalling
500,000,000 were voted for. A number of emergency measures were passed through
all their stages.
President Roosevelt appealed to Great Britain and France,
Italy, Poland and Germany to refrain from bombing civilians and unfortified towns
and received assurances from Britain, France and Poland.
that she was not concerned, as she was remaining neutral. Adolf
, addressing the Reichstag, gave his reasons for the invasion of Poland,
and subsequently a bill entitled the law for the reunion of Danzig, with the German
Reich was passed with acclamation.
The evacuation of British school children
from exposed and congested areas was begun, and nearly 500,000 were moved.
The British government took control of the railways. Go To:
2nd September Articles:
Edited by Sir John Hamilton
The War Illustrated.
by Sir John Hamilton
2194 Days Of War.
For a complete list of sources