Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945

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Graf Zeppelin Aircraft Carrier

History

During January 1936, the German Chancellor and Führer Adolf Hitler resolved to reoccupy the Rhineland. In the first place Adolf Hitler had planned to remilitarise the Rhineland in 1937, but chose in early 1936 to move remilitarisation forward by a year for several reasons, that is to say the ratification by the French National Assembly of the Franco Soviet pact of 1935 allowed him to present his coup both at home and abroad as a defensive move against Franco Soviet encirclement.

Admiral Graf Spee
Commissioned 6 January 1936

Conrad Patzig
Takes command of the Pocket Battleship Admiral Graf Spee on 6 January 1936 to 2 October 1937


Adolf Hitler met with Konstantin von Neurath and his Ambassador Joachim von Ribbentrop on 12 February 1936 to ask their opinion of the likely foreign response to remilitarisation Konstantin von Neurath endorsed remilitarisation, but contended that Germany should negotiate more before doing so while Joachim von Ribbentrop argued for unilateral remilitarisation at once. Joachim von Ribbentrop told Adolf Hitler that if France went to war in reaction to German remilitarisation, then United Kingdom would take arms with France, an assessment of the situation that Konstantin von Neurath did not agree with, but one that encouraged Adolf Hitler to go ahead with remilitarisation.

29 March 1936, The Reichstag elections recorded a record turnout of 98.8%, although the rules had been changed in respect of spoilt papers-in that all ballot papers left blank were counted as a vote for the National Socialists candidate, and only where the voter had specifically written No against a candidate's name were they counted as a vote against.

On 3 April 1936, Richard Hauptmann, convicted of the Lindbergh for the kidnapping, and killing of the infant Charles Lindbergh III in 1932, is executed by electrocution in New Jersey.

Prinz Eugen Heavy cruiser
Laid down 23 April 1936

On 12 May 1936, The first prototype of the Messerschmitt Bf 110 made its maiden flight from Augsburg-Haunstetten, Germany, with test pilot Rudolf Opitz at the controls.

Ernst Udet was appointed Director of the Technical Department of the Reichsluftfahrtministerium (RLM) on 9 June 1936, with responsibility for all new Luftwaffe aircraft. Ernst Udet department grew to a complex 26 departments and was split with inter-department rivalries. Ernst Udet failed to provide a firm leadership and his establishment soon broke down into chaos, although Ernst Udet, with no effective deputy and a poor staff seemed more happier when he was inaccessible visiting aircraft factories and airfields.

Tirpitz Battleship
Ordered 14 June 1936

Bismarck Battleship
Laid down 1 July 1936

On 11 July 1936, Germany and Austria signed an agreement in which Germany promised to respect Austria's sovereignty and Austria agrees to be considered a state of the German people. In a secret clause of this agreement, Austria was to permit the National Socialist Party.

For two weeks in 1-16 August 1936, Adolf Hitler's national socialist dictatorship camouflaged its anti-Semitic, militaristic character while hosting the Summer Olympics. Minimising its anti-Semitic schedule and plans for territorial enlargement, the regime exploited the Games to impress many foreign spectators and journalists with an image of a peaceful, tolerant Germany. Having declined a proposed boycott of the 1936 Olympics, the United States government and other western democracies missed the chance to take a stand that modern-day commentators claimed might have restrained Adolf Hitler and bolstered international opposition to national socialist tyranny. After the Olympics, Germany's expansionism and the persecution of the Israelites and other enemies of the state speeded up, climaxing in Second World War and the final solution.

Z17 Diether von Roeder
Laid down 9 September 1936

On 10 September 1936, Dornier Do 18 flying boat Zephir piloted by Lufthansa Flugkapitän Blankenburg was launched from the Kriegsmarine seaplane tender Schwabenland by catapult in the Azores. Dornier Do 18 flying boat Aeolus was launched just after.

Otto Ciliax
Takes command of the Pocket Battleship Admiral Scheer on 22 September 1936 to 31 October 1938


Scharnhorst Battleship
Launched 3 October 1936

Oswald Mosley married his mistress Diana Guinness. They married in secret in Germany on 6 October 1936 in the Berlin home of Minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda Joseph Goebbels. Adolf Hitler was one of the guests.

Adolf Hitler on 5 November 1936 told his top lieutenants that the German aim in the Spanish Civil War was not entirely to aid the Spanish Nationalists, but rather, to prolong the conflict to occupy the attention of the United Kingdom and France, and to continue to widen the chasm between the United Kingdom and Italy.

Gneisenau Battleship
Launched 8 December 1936

On 12 December 1936, After the failure of Franco's offensive on Madrid, Benito Mussolini decided to send regular army forces to Spain. Benito Mussolini made this decision after consulting with Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Galeazzo Ciano and General Mario Roatta. Galeazzo Ciano and Mario Roatta were two of the most important men in Italy at the time. Mario Roatta was made the Commander-in-Chief of the Italian expeditionary force. General Luigi Frusci became his Deputy Commander.

Graf Zeppelin Aircraft Carrier
Laid down 28 December 1936

Gallery

Admiral Graf Spee
Prinz Eugen Heavy cruiser
Messerschmitt Bf 110
Tirpitz Battleship
Bismarck Battleship
Dornier Do 18
Z17 Diether von Roeder
Scharnhorst Battleship
Gneisenau Battleship
Graf Zeppelin Aircraft Carrier

Sources

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