Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945

Menu

Sponsored Links

Sponsored Links

Sponsored Links

1935 WWII Timeline

Day by day




Sitemap

Scharnhorst Battleship

History

A plebiscite was held in the territory on 13 January 1935. With Adolf Hitler anxious for the propaganda advantages of the return of the Saar to Germany, Joseph Goebbels designed a concerted campaign to sway voters. The support of the local Catholic authorities for a return also helped, as did concerns about Bolshevism, against which Adolf Hitler was seen as a bulwark. With a voter participation of 98%, the result of the plebiscite was that the overwhelming majority, 90.8%, voted to return to Germany, with only 8.8% wanting to retain the status quo, principally as they did not wish to be ruled by National Socialists. A third option of joining France received 0.4% of the vote.

Adolf Hitler orders the Luftwaffe to be re-formed on 26 February 1935, breaching the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles, with Hermann Göring as its Commander-in-Chief. Walther Wever accepted the role of the Chief of Air Staff and Erhard Milch became the Secretary of State for Air. The autonomous branch started off with 1,888 aircraft and 20,000 men.

Heinrich Himmler on 16 March 1935 established the SS-Verfügungstruppe.

Z9 Wolfgang Zenker Destroyer
Laid down 23 March 1935

Z10 Hans Lody Destroyer
Laid down 1 April 1935

The Stresa Front was an agreement made in Stresa, a town on the banks of Lake Maggiore in Italy, between French foreign diplomatic minister Pierre Laval, British PM Ramsay MacDonald, and Italian PM Benito Mussolini on 14 April 1935. Officially called the Final Declaration of the Stresa Conference, its aim was to reaffirm the Locarno Treaties and to declare that the independence of Austria would continue to inspire their common policy. The signatories also agreed to resist any future attempt by the Germans to change the Treaty of Versailles. First and foremost for Benito Mussolini, it was another opportunity to stage Fascist propaganda as the Benito Mussolini was portrayed as an elder statesman and a keeper of the peace after the failed Anschluss of 1934.

Scharnhorst Battleship
Laid down 6 May 1935

Gneisenau Battleship
Laid down 6 May 1935

The first flight of Willy Messerschmitt's, Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter aircraft happened on 28 May 1935. Powered by a 695 HP Rolls Royce Kestrel engine, the Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter aircraft was the first all metal stressed skin monocoque single seat fighter monoplane with an enclosed cockpit and retractable undercarriage to enter service. The Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter aircraft proved so successful that over 30,000 would finally be assembled before the end of the Second World War.

The Anglo German Naval Agreement of 10 June 1935 was a bilateral agreement between the United Kingdom and Germany governing the size of the Kriegsmarine in regard to the Royal Navy. The Anglo German Naval Agreement fixed a ratio whereby the total tonnage of the Kriegsmarine was to be 35% of the total tonnage of the Royal Navy on a permanent basis. It was registered in League of Nations Treaty Series on 12 July 1935. The agreement was renounced by Adolf Hitler on 28 April 1939.

On 4 July 1935 The Austrian government reversed many of the anti-Hapsburg laws and reinstated part of the imperial property. This action reflected increased support for a return of the Hapsburg monarchy, a movement led by Prince Ernest Stahremberg and promoted by Italian Premier Benito Mussolini. France and the Little Entente opposed this plan and effectively derailed the movement.

Admiral Hipper Heavy cruiser
Laid down 6 July 1935

Z6 Theodor Riedel Destroyer
Laid down 18 July 1935

Blücher Heavy cruiser
Laid down 15 August 1935

United States of America Neutrality Act of 1935 was signed on 31 August 1935, imposed a general embargo on trading in arms and war materials with all parties in a war. It also declared that American citizens travelling on warring ships travelled at their own risk.

The Junkers Ju 87 Stuka dive bomber took off for its maiden flight on 17 September 1935. The aircraft originally did not carry any registration, but later was given the registration D-UBYR. The flight report, by Hauptmann Willy Neuenhofen, stated the only problem was with the small radiator, which caused the power plant to overheat.

The first three Panzer Divisions were established on 15 October 1935, in the Wehrmacht. The 1. Panzer-Division was placed under Maximilian von Weichs at Weimar, 2. Panzer-Division under Heinz Guderian at Würzburg and 3. Panzer-Division under Ernst Feßmann at Berlin.

Nürnberg Light cruiser
Commissioned 2 November 1935

Graf Zeppelin Aircraft Carrier
Ordered 16 November 1935

Bismarck Battleship
Ordered 16 November 1935

On 26 December 1935, Aviator Tito Minniti is killed. Badoglio receives permission to use mustard gas to speed up the invasion. This was in direct violation of the 1899 and 1907 Hague Conventions, which outlawed the use of chemical weapons. The alleged torture and mutilation of Minniti is claimed as justification.

Gallery

Z9 Wolfgang Zenker Destroyer
Z10 Hans Lody Destroyer
Scharnhorst Battleship
Gneisenau Battleship
Admiral Hipper Heavy cruiser
Z6 Theodor Riedel Destroyer
Blücher Heavy cruiser
Nürnberg Light cruiser
Graf Zeppelin Aircraft Carrier
Bismarck Battleship

Sources

For a complete list of sources
News
WWII News articles from around the world
WWII News

Sponsored Links

WWII Timeline
World War Two Timeline, detailing every event, day by day from 1935 through to 1945.
WWII Timeline

Support This Site
There are many ways to help support this site if you would like more information
Click Here

Join Our Newsletter
To receive the latest news on Book Reviews, Movies and site updates join my free Newsletter

Sponsored Links

Sponsored Links

Bookmark & Share
Please bookmark this site and tell your friends!
Bookmark and Share

This website is NOT meant to promote Nazism, the politics of Adolf Hitler, or any other political ideology. It deals with the subject of German military during a particular period of history nothing else.

©Wehrmacht History

Reliable Web Hosting