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Fieseler Fi 103
V-1 Flying bomb
Vergeltungswaffe 1

Surface-to-Surface Missiles




Fieseler Fi 103 V-1 Flying bomb

Service Data

In Service: 13 June 1944 to 1945

Production Data

First Flight:
Manufacturer: Fieseler
Number built: 30,000 plus

Technical Data

Type: Surface-to-Surface Missile

Guidance system: gyrocompass based autopilot
Length: 7.9 m
Wingspan: 5.3 m
Diameter: m
Weight: 2,180 kg
Engine: 1 × Argus As 109-014 pulse jet engine producing up to 300 kg of thrust
Maximum speed: 645 km/h
Range: 370 km
Warhead: 850 kg Amatol 39
Fuze:
Launch Platform: Fixed, later He 111
Operators: Luftwaffe
Variants:
Fieseler Fi 103
Fieseler Fi 103R

Other: Missiles
Articles:
German rocket draws gawkers on I-5

History

The Fieseler Fi 103 or more commonly known as the V-1 flying bomb was designed as a (Vergeltungswaffe 1) retaliation weapon by Germany during the Second World War. The V-1 was known by many names Buzz bomb, Doodlebug, Flying Bomb, Robot Bomb, Fieseler Fi 103.

The V-1 was developed at Peenemünde by the Luftwaffe during the World War II. The V-1 flying bomb was the first of Germany's vengeance weapons (Vergeltungswaffen) designed to wreak absolute terror and havoc on Great Britain, The Fieseler Fi 103 was fired from prefabricated launch sites along the French and Dutch coasts, the first V-1 flying bomb attack came on the 13th of June 1944 on London a week after D-Day, at its highest over 100 V-1 flying bombs were launched a day at southeast England more than 9,000 were launched against the United kingdom. As the Allied forces overran Europe, Germany lost its launching sites and the last V-1 was fired in October 1944.

Robert Lusser of the Fieseler aircraft manufacturer and Fritz Gosslau from the Argus engine manufacturer designed the Fieseler Fi 103 under the codename Kirschkern, the construction of the fuselage was mainly welded sheet steel and the wings were built in the same manner but if resources were short then plywood, could and was often used.

The first complete V-1 airframe was delivered 30th of August 1942, and soon after the Argus 109-014 was delivered. The first aerial tests started on the 28th of October 1942 with the first unpowered flight at Peenemünde, after being fitted beneath a Fw 200 (Kondor). And on the 10th of December 1942 the first powered flight was undertaken, but this time the He 111 was used to piggyback the Fieseler Fi 103.

Gallery

Fieseler Fi 103 V-1 Flying bomb picture 2
Fieseler Fi 103 V-1 Flying bomb picture 3
Fieseler Fi 103 V-1 Flying bomb picture 4
Fieseler Fi 103 V-1 Flying bomb picture 5
Fieseler Fi 103 V-1 Flying bomb picture 6
Fieseler Fi 103 V-1 Flying bomb picture 7

Film Footage Gallery

This clip shows the Fieseler Fi 103, V-1 Flying bomb in-flight and exploding on the ground this is probably a test flight.











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Sources

The Warplanes of the Third Reich.
ISBN-10: 0385057822

German Aircraft of the Second World War.
ISBN-10: 0370000242

Hitler's Luftwaffe.
ISBN-10: 051718771X

For a complete list of sources
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