Wehrmacht History 1935 to 1945

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Missiles

History

During the Second World War Germany was far in advance of any other nation in rocket science, the first tentative steps were taken early in the 1920s by German rocket enthusiasts and engineers. As the war situation for Germany deteriorated leaders poured unprecedented financial and manpower backing into all manner of missile programs and projects. The first ballistic missile was the A-4. More commonly known as V-2 rocket, developed at Peenemünde Airfield in 1930s and 1940s under guidance of Wernher von Braun. The first successful launching of a V-2 was on 3 October 1942 and began operational use on 6 September 1944 against Paris, and on 8 September 1944 launched against London. By the end of Second World War over 3,000 V-2s had been launched. The first cruise missile was the Fieseler Fi 103. More commonly known as the V-1 flying bomb developed at Peenemünde Airfield by the Luftwaffe during the Second World War under the supervision of Robert Lusser from Fieseler, and Fritz Gosslau from Argus Motoren, The first V-1 flying bomb was launched against London on 13 June 1944. The Taifun project originally started on 25 September 1942, when Hermann Göring authorized the start of a number of anti-aircraft projects, after all such advanced development had been frozen by Hitler. Along with the Taifun, the Enzian, Rheintochter, Schmetterling and Wasserfall were also given full funding.

Gallery

Blohm & Voss Bv 143 Anti-ship Missiles picture 2
Enzian Surface-to-Air Missile picture 3
R4M Orkan Air-to-Air Missiles Me 262A picture 4
Rheinbote Surface-to-Surface Missile picture 5
RZ 65 Air-to-Surface Missile picture 6
Wasserfall Surface-to-Air Missile picture 7

Sources

The Warplanes of the Third Reich.
ISBN-10: 0385057822

German Aircraft of the Second World War.
ISBN-10: 0370000242

Hitler's Luftwaffe.
ISBN-10: 051718771X

For a complete list of sources
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This website is NOT meant to promote Nazism, the politics of Adolf Hitler, or any other political ideology. It deals with the subject of German military during a particular period of history nothing else.

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