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Henschel Hs 293

Anti-ship Missiles




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Henschel Hs 293 Anti-ship Missiles

History

The Henschel Hs 293 was a anti-ship missile Designed and developed by Henschel und Sohn in 1939 under the leadership of Dr.-Ing. Herbert Alois Wagner.

The Henschel Hs 293 was intended to be deployed against Allied shipping. Dipl.-Ing. Herbert Alois Wagner team was as follows Reinhard Lahde, Otto Bohlmann, Wilfried Hell, Josef Schwarzmann, Julius Henrici.

Dr.-Ing. Herbert Alois Wagner team started development work in 1939 using a glide bomb design
from 1937 by DVL, Siemens, Askania, Schwarz Propeller Werke, who had undertaken research into the control of unmanned aircraft, however, none of these proved to be aerodynamically successful.
The first design was designated Hs 293 V-1 although this was not actually built, the first actual prototype was designed in February 1940 designated Hs 293 V-2/FZ 21 (FZ 21 codename for designated Hs 293 V-2) and this was extensively tested at Karlshagen, this version however, had no warhead or engine. In July 1940, a new version had been designed designated Hs 293 V-3 but as with the Hs 293 V-2/FZ 21 there was still no warhead or engine fitted and a minimum release altitude of 1,000 m.
The Hs 293 A-0 had been produced by the end of 1940 and had 1 × Walter HWK 109-507 liquid fuel rocket engine producing up to 590 kg of thrust and could be released from the parent aircraft at an altitude of 400 m with an acceptable target range being maintained. The Hs 293 A-0 was first successfully launched on 18 December 1940. continued development of The Hs 293 continued right up until 1944. 1 × Walter HWK 109-507B liquid fuel rocket engine producing up to 590 kg of thrust, alternatively the BMW 109-511 liquid fuel rocket engine producing up to 600 kg or WASAG 109-512 solid fuel rocket engine producing up to 1,200 kg of thrust or even 2 × Schmidding SG 33 solid fuel rocket engine producing up to until 1,855 kg of thrust could be used.



Henschel Hs 293A standard version used operationally

Henschel Hs 293B prototype wire link control produced to combat jamming but was never put into operational use

Henschel Hs 293C prototype underwater version

Henschel Hs 293D prototype for television guidance, using Fernesh Gmbh

Henschel Hs 293E prototype for spoiler controls as a replacement to ailerons

Henschel Hs 293F experimental delta wing, and tailless version of the missile

Henschel Hs 293G experimental variant with unique gyroscopic unit fitted work abandoned in favour of the Fritz X

Henschel Hs 293H experimental air to air missile variant abandoned in favour of dedicated air to air systems

Henschel Hs 293I experimental missile variant with double the explosive weight of 500 kg

25 August 1943. The Royal Navy's sloop HMS Bideford was slightly damaged by a Henschel Hs 293.

25 August 1943. The Royal Navy's sloop HMS Landguard was slightly damaged by a Henschel Hs 293.

27 August 1943. The Royal Navy's sloop HMS Egret was sunk 30 nautical miles west of Vigo, Spain by a Henschel Hs 293.

27 August 1943. The Canadian destroyer HMCS Athabaskan was severely damaged by a Henschel Hs 293. However the HMCS Athabaskan made it back to Portsmouth.

13 September 1943. The hospital ship HMHS Newfoundland was severely damaged by a Henschel Hs 293. due to the severity of the damage HMHS Newfoundland had to be sunk.

14 September 1943. The transport ship SS Bushrod Washington was sunk by a Henschel Hs 293.

15 September 1943. The transport ship SS James W. Marshall was severely damaged by a Henschel Hs 293. there were a number of crew casualties the SS James W. Marshall was later used as a brake water, France

30 September 1943. The Royal Navy's landing craft HMS LST 79 was sunk at Ajaccio, Corsica, France by a Henschel Hs 293.

September 1943. The US Navy's destroyer USS Tillman was slightly damaged after shooting down the Do 217 carrying a Henschel Hs 293.

6 November 1943. The transport ship SS Santa Elena was sunk off Philippeville, North Africa by a Henschel Hs 293.

11 November 1943. The Royal Navy's Escort destroyer HMS Rockwood was badly damaged in the Aegean Sea by a Henschel Hs 293. HMS Rockwood was so badly damaged. She was scrapped at a later date

13 November 1943. The Royal Navy's Escort destroyer HMS Dulverton was severely damaged off Kos, Dodecanese by a Do 217 carrying a Henschel Hs 293. HMS Dulvertonwas so badly damaged. She had to be scuttled several hours later casualties were quite high.

23 January 1944. The Royal Navy's destroyer HMS Jervis was badly damaged off Anzio, Italy by KG 100 using a Henschel Hs 293.

23 January 1944. The Royal Navy's destroyer HMS Janus was sunk off Anzio, Italy by KG 100 using a Henschel Hs 293 many crew members died.

January 1944. The transport ship SS John Banvard was badly damaged off Anzio, Italy by a Henschel Hs 293.

29 January 1944. The transport ship SS Samuel Huntington was sunk off Anzio, Italy by a Henschel Hs 293.

29 January 1944. The the Royal Navy's light cruiser HMS Spartan was sunk off Anzio, Western Italy by a Henschel Hs 293.

15 February 1944. The US Navy's destroyer USS Herbert C Jones was badly damaged by a Henschel Hs 293.

16 February 1944. The landing craft LCT 35, was sunk off Anzio, Italy by a Henschel Hs 293.

16 February 1944. The transport ship SS Elihu Yale was sunk off Anzio, Italy by a Henschel Hs 293.

25 February 1944. The Royal Navy's destroyer HMS Inglefield was sunk off Anzio, Italy by a Henschel Hs 293.

20 April 1944. The US Navy's destroyer USS Lansdale was sunk while on Escort duties by a Henschel Hs 293.

20 April 1944. The transport ship SS Samite was badly damaged, while being escorted by the US Navy's destroyer USS Lansdale which was also sunk by a Henschel Hs 293.

8 June 1944. The Royal Navy's frigate HMS Lawford was sunk off Normandy by a Henschel Hs 293.

9 June 1944. The US Navy's destroyer USS Meredith was sunk by a Henschel Hs 293, 35 crew members were killed. The remainder were rescued by USS. Bates.

20 July 1944. The Canadian frigate HMCS Matane was badly damaged by a Henschel Hs 293 there were three crew members killed, the ship had to be towed to Plymouth by HMCS Monnow.

2 September 1944. The US Navy's landing craft USS LST 282 was badly damaged on the coast of southern France by a Henschel Hs 293 was later abandoned.

Gallery

Henschel Hs 293A carried by Do 217K
Henschel Hs 293
Henschel Hs 293
Henschel Hs 293
Henschel Hs 293
Henschel Hs 293B

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Sources

The Warplanes of the Third Reich.
ISBN-10: 0385057822

German Aircraft of the Second World War.
ISBN-10: 0370000242

Hitler's Luftwaffe.
ISBN-10: 051718771X

For a complete list of sources
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