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Admiral Graf Spee

Pocket Battleship




Admiral Graf Spee Pocket Battleship

Service Data

In Service: 6 January 1936 to 17 December 1939

Production Data

Ordered: 23 August 1932
Builder: Reichsmarinewerft, Wilhelmshaven
Construction No: 125
Laid down: 1 October 1932
Launched: 30 June 1934
Commissioned: 6 January 1936

Technical Data

Type: Pocket Battleship
Class: Deutschland

Displacement: 12,340 tons standard 16,020 tons full load
Length: 186 m
Beam: 21.65 m
Draft: 7.25 m
Propulsion: 8 × 9 cylinder double acting two stroke MAN diesels engines producing up to 54,000 shp
Propellers: 2 screws
Speed: 29.5 knots
Range: 8,900 nautical miles at 20 knots
Crew: 1,150 men and officers
Armament:
6 × 28 cm L/52 SK C/28
carried 630 to 720 rounds
8 × 15 cm L/55 SK C/28
carried 800 to 1200 rounds
3 × 8.8 cm L/45 SK upto 1935
6 × 8.8 cm L/75 SK C/25 after 1935
carried 3000 rounds
6 × 10.5 cm L/65 SK C/33 after 1938
carried 2400 to 3000 rounds
4 × 3.7 cm L/83 SK C/30
carried 8000 to 24,000 rounds
10 × 2 cm MG L/65 C/30
carried 20,000 rounds
6 × 4 cm L/56 Flak 28 after 1945
10 × 3.7 cm L/83 SK C/30
28 × 2 cm MG L/65 C/30 planned
8 × 53.3 cm torpedo tubes.
Armour Turret face 160 mm, Belt 80 mm, Deck 40 mm
Aircraft: 2 × Arado Ar 196 seaplanes
Electronics:
Operators: Kriegsmarine
Variants:
Admiral Graf Spee
Admiral Scheer
Lützow

Other: Pocket battleships
Articles:

History

The Admiral Graf Spee was one of the much celebrated German naval warships of World War II, along with the Bismarck. Her size was restricted to that of a cruiser by the Treaty of Versailles, nevertheless she was as heavily armed as a battleship due to innovative weight saving procedures employed in her manufacture.

Career

6 January 1936
The Admiral Graf Spee is commissioned.

26 September 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee received orders to proceed against enemy merchant shipping.

30 September 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee sinks the British tramp steamer Clement (5051 t).

5 October 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee sinks the British tramp steamer Newton Beech (4651 t).

7 October 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee sinks the British steamer Ashlea (4222 t).

10 October 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee captured British liner Huntsman (8196 t).

17 October 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee sinks the British liner Huntsman (8196 t).

22 October 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee sinks the British steamer Trevanion (5299 t).

15 November 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee sinks the motor tanker Africa Shell (706 t).

2 December 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee sinks the Blue Star liner Doric Star (10086 t).

3 December 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee sinks the Tairoa (7983 t).

7 December 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee sinks the steamer Streonshalh (3895 t).

13 December 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee was engaged by a small British naval group consisting of the heavy cruiser HMS Exeter and the light cruisers HMS Ajax and HMS Achilles.

14 December 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee dropped anchor at Montevideo, Uruguay.

17 December 1939
The Admiral Graf Spee put out for sea for the last time with a skeleton crew aboard at about 1830 on 17 December. Before coming to a stop in shallow water about 6 nautical miles from port. Where she was Scuttled.

20 December 1939
Hans Langsdorff commited suicide.

Commanders

Conrad Patzig
Takes command on 6 January 1936
Ends command on 2 October 1937

Walter Warzecha
Takes command on 2 October 1937
Ends command on 1 November 1938

Hans Langsdorff
Takes command on 1 November 1938
Ends command on 17 December 1939

Gallery

Admiral Graf Spee picture 2
Admiral Graf Spee picture 3
Admiral Graf Spee picture 4
Admiral Graf Spee picture 5
Admiral Graf Spee picture 6
Admiral Graf Spee picture 7

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Sources

German Warships, 1815-1945: Major Surface Vessels.
ISBN-10: 0851775330

German Warships, 1815-1945: U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels.
ISBN-10: 155750301X

German warships of the Second World War.
ISBN-10: 0668040378

For a complete list of sources
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